Posted by Martin Orr on
Tuesday, 03 November 2015 at 16:00

In my last post, I discussed how the existence of a polarisation implies an upper bound for the transcendence degree of the extended period matrix of an abelian variety, namely the dimension of the general symplectic group

(where

is the dimension of the abelian variety).
In this post, I will discuss how this can be generalised to take into account all algebraic cycles on the abelian variety.
The group

is replaced by the motivic Galois group of the abelian variety, which I will define.
I will also mention how Deligne's theorem on absolute Hodge cycles allows us to replace the motivic Galois group by the Mumford-Tate group.

Tags
abelian-varieties, alg-geom, hodge, maths, number-theory
Read more...

Posted by Martin Orr on
Monday, 26 October 2015 at 11:00

The Legendre period relation is a classical equation relating the periods and quasi-periods of an elliptic curve, as defined last time.
I will discuss this relation, and then more generally discuss how the existence of polarisations implies relations between the periods of higher-dimensional abelian varieties.

These examples motivate the introduction of the geometric motivic Galois group, which gives an upper bound for the transcendence degree of periods of an abelian variety (or indeed any algebraic variety).
This upper bound is conjectured to be equal to the actual transcendence degree.
I had intended to discuss the geometric motivic Galois group in this post too, but I decided that it was getting to long so I will postpone that to another time.

Tags
abelian-varieties, alg-geom, hodge, maths, number-theory
Read more...

Posted by Martin Orr on
Friday, 26 June 2015 at 11:30

We can define absolute Hodge classes in -adic cohomology in the same way as absolute Hodge classes in de Rham cohomology.
We can then prove Deligne's theorem, that Hodge classes on an abelian variety are absolute Hodge, for -adic cohomology.
Because it is easy to prove that absolute Hodge classes in -adic cohomology are potentially Tate classes, this implies half of the Mumford-Tate conjecture.

In particular, it implies that if is an abelian variety over a number field, then a finite index subgroup of the image of the -adic Galois representation on is contained in the -points of the Mumford-Tate group of .
This is the goal I have been working towards for some time on this blog.

Deligne's definition of absolute Hodge classes considered -adic cohomology (for all ) and de Rham cohomology simultaneously.
The accounts I read of this theory focussed on the de Rham side, leading me to believe that the de Rham part was essential and the -adic part an optional extra.
This is why I wrote the past few posts about de Rham cohomology and am now adding the -adic version on at the end, even though I am more interested in the -adic version.
Now that I understand what is going on, I realise that I could have used only

-adic cohomology from the beginning.
One day I might write up a neater account which uses

-adic cohomology only.

Before the main part of this post, talking about absolute Hodge classes in -adic cohomology, I need to talk about Tate twists in -adic cohomology.
These are more significant than Tate twists in singular cohomology because they change the Galois representations involved.
This resulted in some mistakes in my previous posts on Tate classes, which I think I have now fixed.

Tags
abelian-varieties, alg-geom, hodge, maths, number-theory
Read more...

Posted by Martin Orr on
Friday, 19 June 2015 at 19:30

Tate twists in singular cohomology are a device for dealing with factors of

which come up whenever we compare singular and de Rham cohomology of complex projective varieties.
In this post I will explain the problem, including calculating the

in the case of

, and define Tate twists to solve it.

In the case of singular cohomology, Tate twists are largely a matter of normalising things conveniently.
Without them, we could just write out factors of everywhere.
On the other hand, there is also a notion of Tate twists for -adic cohomology, which cannot be omitted so easily, and which I will discuss in a subsequent post.

Tags
abelian-varieties, alg-geom, hodge, maths
Read more...